The Mining Association of Canada | The Canadian Mining Story: Economic Impacts and Drivers for the Global Energy Transition 2023 23 incremental improvements but have failed to address systemic challenges, hampering opportunities for Canadian mining companies. A robust transportation data regime would improve the rail freight system for all stakeholders. The system should maximize data disclosure and public access, including railway capacity data. This would improve relations between shippers and transportation service providers, minimize unnecessary and costly disputes, provide government with the tools necessary to identify, assess and resolve existing policy challenges, and provide confidence in future large-scale investments reliant on rail for market access. MAC believes that robust data transparency is the least onerous way to reform Canada’s rail network without resorting to re-regulation. Allowing data to inform the interactions between railways and their customers is the nearest term, most justifiable, and least intrusive choice available to federal decision makers to effect desired and positive change. MAC believes that Canadian railways should provide at minimum, the level of granularity of railway data already provided to US shippers by its railways. Marine Shipping The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is the United Nations’ Special Agency responsible for the safety of life at sea and the protection of the marine environment. As a signatory to the IMO’s conventions, Canada’s domestic maritime shipping policies tend to move in tandem with those of the IMO. MAC has worked with Transport Canada and its IMO regulators in support of reasonable solutions that prioritize environmental protection and safety without compromising economic competitiveness. Recent successes on this front include the cooperative development of a novel corrosivity testing method and properly assessing and identifying the self-heating hazard of coal in IMO codes. As a regular observer on Canadian delegations, MAC appreciates Canada’s reputation for excellence and collaboration at the IMO, and attributes this to the hard work and expertise of our diplomats and technical experts in these areas.