The Mining Association of Canada | The Canadian Mining Story: Economic Impacts and Drivers for the Global Energy Transition 2023 7 After relatively stable trends for the previous decade, the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 caused a decrease in extraction, services, and both primary and downstream manufacturing. Extraction led all areas in recovering, with a large increase from 2020 to 2021. Real gross value added in the sector since 2008 is presented in Figure 3. MINING: A PAN-CANADIAN INDUSTRY Mining is a significant contributor to the Canadian economy and takes place in communities from coast to coast to coast. The direct and indirect wages and employment of approximately 665,000 people across the country (of which 403,000 are direct jobs), taxes and royalties collected by governments, and the capital expenditures required for project development and operation are only some examples of the essential role it plays. Mining takes place in almost every province and territory in Canada and Figure 4 illustrates the geographical location of Canada’s mining clusters and active mineral development regions. Details for each mine are presented in Annex 1. Figure 3: Real Gross Value Added, Mining Sector, Constant 2012 Dollars3 $0B $5B $10B $15B $20B $25B $30B $35B Downstreammanufacturing 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Extraction Services Primary manufacturing 3 Data from Natural resources satellite account, indicators. Statistics Canada table 38-10-0285-01. Using 2012 constant prices.